The word periodontal is synonymous with “around the tooth”. Periodontal disease affects the gum tissues and the jawbone that support the teeth. Plaque is a biofilm of bacteria, food debris, and saliva. If plaque is not cleaned off, it turns into calculus AKA tartar. When plaque and tartar aren't removed, they begin to damage the gums and bone. Periodontal disease or periodontitis is characterized by swollen and bleeding gums.

4 out of 5 people who have periodontitis don’t know it! Most are not aware of it because the unset is usually painless in the initial stages.

Not only is periodontitis the primary reason for tooth loss, but recent research suggests that there could be a connection between gum disease and other systemic disorders such as diabetes, stroke, cardiovascular (heart) disease, bacterial pneumonia, and elevated risk during pregnancy. Researchers are working to determine if gum disease and bacteria causing periodontitis affect these systemic diseases and conditions. Tobacco use also increases the risk of periodontitis.

A balanced diet, adequate oral hygiene, and routine dental visits in Brooklyn, NY can help decrease your risk of having to deal with periodontal disease.

Symptoms of periodontal disease:

Receding gums

Loss of gingival tissue surrounding a tooth

Bleeding gums

Gums should not bleed, even when brushing vigorously or flossing

Bad breath

Produced by bacteria in the oral cavity

New gap formation between teeth

Caused by alveolar bone loss

Mobile teeth

Also caused by alveolar bone loss or weak periodontal ligaments (fibers that attach the tooth to the bone)

Pus around the teeth and gums

Sign of an infection

Gum Tenderness and Discomfort

Bacteria, plaque, and tartar irritate the gums

Red and puffy gums

Gingival tissue should never be swollen or red

Our Brooklyn dentist, Dr. Shahin, treats different stages of periodontal disease for patients residing in Brooklyn Heights, Fort Greene, Crown Heights, Park Slope, and other areas of the borough.